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Revolutions in Genetic Technology-an Abstract

  • Date Submitted: 02/12/2012 12:05 AM
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REVOLUTIONS IN GENETIC TECHNOLOGY-AN ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION
Throughout evolution one of the most primary aims of man has been to find the cure for all diseases. This pursuit led to the discovery of such groundbreaking drugs such as penicillin and vaccines for rabies and anthrax. And medical processes such as chemotherapy to treat cancer. But as humans have evolved so have the disease causing micro organisms. So in order to find the true cure we had to take up the study of genetics or the gene structure of the human body. The perfect cure still eludes us but we have managed to make some really great progresses in the field such as recombinant DNA technology, cloning, assisted reproduction and gene profiling.

RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY
Recombinant DNA (rDNA) molecules are DNA sequences that result from the use of laboratory methods to bring together genetic material from multiple sources, creating sequences that would not otherwise be found in biological organisms. Recombinant DNA is widely used in biotechnology, medicine and research. This technology can now be used to develop recombinant human insulin, growth hormone and insect and disease resistant crops.

ASSISSTED REPRODUCTION
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is a general term referring to methods used to achieve pregnancy by artificial or partially artificial means. It is reproductive technology used primarily in infertility treatments. Some forms of ART are also used in fertile couples for genetic reasons. ART is also used in couples who are discordant for certain communicable diseases, e.g. AIDS, to reduce the risk of infection when a pregnancy is desired.
METHODS:
1)Fertility Medication
2) Transvaginal Ovum Retrieval
3) Embryo Transfer
4) Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer
5) Cryopreservation

CLONING
Cloning in biotechnology refers to processes used to create copies of DNA fragments, cells , or organisms. The term clone is derived from κλῶνος, the Greek word for "trunk, branch",...

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