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It and Cyberworld

  • Date Submitted: 12/27/2013 02:43 AM
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1.0 INTRODUCTION:-

This report insights into the study of the World of Information Technology (IT). It besides this, it also reflects the terminology associated with this field in detail. It has been researched from various sources, mostly Internet, IT Professionals, magazines and various Scholars. It discusses also its associations with Cyber world.
      The term information technology or IT is used to refer to an entire industry. In actuality, information technology is the use of computers and software to manage information. In some companies, this is referred to as Management Information Services (or MIS) or simply as Information Services (or IS). The information technology department of a large company would be responsible for storing information, protecting information, processing the information, transmitting the information as necessary, and later retrieving information as necessary.




1.1 Information Technology – A Definition:


Information technology (IT) is the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of vocal, pictorial, textual and numerical information by a microelectronics-based combination of computing and telecommunications.[1] The term in its modern sense first appeared in a 1958 article published in the Harvard Business Review, in which authors Leavitt and Whisler commented that "the new technology does not yet have a single established name. We shall call it information technology (IT)."

1.2   History of Information Technology:

In relative terms, it wasn't long ago that the Information Technology department might have consisted of a single Computer Operator, who might be storing data on magnetic tape, and then putting it in a box down in the basement somewhere. The history of information technology is fascinating!


The backstory of information technology precedes the invention of the computer. The abacus, used by Asians, Egyptians, Romans, and the Greek can be termed a source of information technology. Calculators, the first...

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