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The Rights of Unions, Employees, and Management

  • Date Submitted: 09/21/2010 09:19 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 31.8 
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TOPIC ON:
THE RIGHTS OF UNIONS, EMPLOYEES, AND MANAGEMENT

SUBJECT: BUSINESS RESEARCH METHOD ;

TABLE OF CONTENTS

      INTRODUCTION

    • LABOR RIGHTS IN THE CONSTITUTION
        o CONTRACT OF EMPLOYMENT
        o TERMINATION OF CONTRACT
        o WORKING TIME AND REST TIME WORKING HOURS
        o PAID LEAVE
        o MATERNITY LEAVE & MATERNITY PROTECTION
        o OTHER LEAVE ENTITLEMENT
        o MINIMUM AGE AND PROTECTION OF YOUNG WORKERS
        o EQUALTIY
        o PAY ISSUES
        o WORKER REPRESENTATION IN The ENTERPRISE
        o TRADE UNION AND EMPLOYER ASSOCIATION REGULATION OF FREEDOM OF ASSOCIATION
    • UNION RIGHTS
    • MANAGEMENT RIGHTS
    • PRACTICAL STUDY OF PAKISTAN WORKERS FEDERTION
        o PWF
        o AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
        o ABBOTTABAD DECLARATION
        o POLITICAL ACTION BY PWF AN ASSERTION OF UNION RIGHTS

      INTRODUCTION

The rights of employees, when viewed in a legal perspective, gain their sanction from the constitution of Pakistan. The constitution states the labor rights in an elaborate manner in a total of 35 articles. Principal articles of constitution in this respect are as follows:

  Labor rights in the constitution

Pakistan’s labor laws trace their origination to legislation inherited from India at the time of partition of the Indo-Pak subcontinent. The laws have evolved through a continuous process of trial to meet the socio-economic conditions, state of industrial development, and level of literacy, population and labor force explosion, growth of trade unions.

Under the Constitution labor is regarded as a ‘concurrent subject’, which means that it is the responsibility of both the Federal and Provincial Governments.

a. Contract of employment:

The Article 18 of the Constitution affords every citizen with the right to enter upon any lawful profession or occupation, and to conduct any lawful trade or business, the Industrial and Commercial Employment...

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