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China Education

  • Date Submitted: 11/21/2012 01:02 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 32.2 
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EDUCATION OF CHINA

Since 1949, when the People's Republic of China was founded,  The Chinese government has placed priority on developing education, putting forward the strategy of revitalizing the country through science and education, making constant efforts to deepen the reform of educational system, and implementing the nine-year compulsory education. Governments at all levels are increasing investment in education and encourage people to run education through different channels and in different forms.
A good education has always been highly valued in China, as the people believe that education ensures not only the future and development of the individual but also the family and the country as a whole. 
History of Chinese Education
Chinese education can be traced back to about 2200 B.C. during the ancient Xia Dynasty. It was exclusively an elite privilege during this time. It wasn’t until the advent of Confucianism 1000 years later that education became, in theory, accessible to common people.
The history of Chinese education is closely related to Confucian thought. Confucianism is a philosophy that is based on the teachings of a Chinese sage, philosopher and political advisor that lived from 551 BC – 479 BC. At first Confucianism was not China’s main philosophy and at times it was even persecuted. From the Han Dynasty until early modern times, however, Confucianism was the dominant philosophy in China.
Confucianism teaches that education is the path to self-improvement and that anyone can rise up through study and perseverance. The most famous Confucian text, the Analects, mentions that “In teaching, there should be no distinction between classes.” Starting in the early 600s AD, anyone in ancient China could work their way up in life by passing a series of examinations given by the government. The higher the level of exam one passed, the higher rank one could attain as a government official.
A Confucian education emphasizes basic skills like reading,...

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