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Science 7

  • Date Submitted: 04/05/2010 05:46 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 33.4 
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Science (from the Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge"), refers to any systematic knowledge or prescriptive practice that is capable of resulting in a correct prediction. In this sense, science may refer to a highly skilled technique, technology, or practice, from which a good deal of randomness in outcome has been removed.[1]

In its more restricted contemporary sense, science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge based on scientific method, and to the organized body of knowledge gained through such research.[2][3] This article focuses on the more restricted use of the word. Science as discussed in this article is sometimes called experimental science to differentiate it from applied science, which is the application of scientific research to specific human needs—although the two are commonly interconnected.

As a practice, Science is a continuing effort to increase human knowledge and understanding through observation. Using careful methods, scientists collect observable evidence of natural or social phenomena, record measurable data relating to the observations, and analyze this information to construct theoretical explanations of how things work. The methods of scientific research include the generation of hypotheses about how phenomena work, and experimentation that tests these hypotheses under controlled conditions. Scientists are also expected to publish their information so other scientists can do similar experiments to double-check their conclusions. The results of this process enable better understanding of past events, and better ability to predict future events of the same kind as those that have been tested.

The ability of the general population to understand the basic concepts related to science is referred to as scientific literacy.

Contents [hide]
1 Basic classifications
2 History and etymology
3 Scientific method
3.1 Mathematics
4 Scientific community
4.1 Fields
4.2 Institutions
4.3 Literature
5 Philosophy of science...

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