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Pak Afghan Relations

  • Date Submitted: 03/13/2011 12:12 PM
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Afghanistan‐Pakistan Relations: History and Geopolitics  in a Regional and International Context 
    Implications for Canadian Foreign Policy                Final Report  Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation                By      Shibil Siddiqi, Global Youth Fellow  Tel: 416‐418‐9720  Email: shibil@gmail.com          

 
Table of Contents   
Executive Summary.…………………………………………………………………....4      Part I: Afghanistan Pakistan Relations: History and Geopolitics in a Regional   And International Context……………………………………………………………...7    A. From Colonialism to Nationalism………………………………………………….8    i. Transition to Post‐Colonial States………………………………………….9    ii. Early Relations……………………………………………………………...10    iii. Entry into the Cold War…………………………………………………...12    iv. The Decade of Daud……………………………………………………….14    v. A Brief Abatement of Tension…………………………………………….16    Mutual Intervention……………………………………………………….17  vi.   vii. Reorienting Foreign Policy and Twin Coups……………………………19    B. Communism, Islamism, Intervention and Invasion……......................................21 

 
i.   ii.   iii. Costs and Consequences…………………………………………………..25    C. Democracy and Civil War, Neo‐Fundamentalism and Terrorism…………….27    i. Enter the Taliban…………………………………………………….……..28    The Cold War Turns Hot………………………………………………….22  Pakistan’s Role in the Resistance…………………………………………24 

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Taliban: Support and Isolation……………………………………………31 

  D: Same Region, Similar Interests: Afghanistan‐Pakistan Relations Today……...32 

 
i.   ii.   iii. Just what is Pakistan’s Game?.....................................................................38    E. Regional Co‐operation or Towards a New Cold War?.........................................44  Pakistan and Afghanistan after 9/11……………………………….…….33  Heating Insurgency, Cooling Relations………………………………….34 

 
F. Canada’s Role in Afghanistan…and Pakistan?......................................................48    i....

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