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Maria Tharesa

  • Date Submitted: 10/26/2011 03:56 PM
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Maria Theresa of Austria
Who was she? ~~ She lived from 1717-1780 and was the archduchess of Austria and the Holy Roman Empress along with which she was the Queen of Hungary and Bohemia. Only woman to assume the leadership position in the 650 years of history of the Habsburg family’s dynasty. The daughter of the German Emperor Charles VI   and Elizabeth von Braunschweig-Wolfenbttel. 14 February, 1736, she married Duke Francis Stephen of Lorraine. Sixteen children. In 1740 Maria Theresa came into possession of the territories of Austria without having any political training. day of her father's death, she received the homage of Privy Councillors and nobility as Queen of Hungary, Queen of Bohemia, and Archduchess of Austria

The challenges faced by Maria Theresa
Her first real challenge came from Prussia who decided to occupy Silesia upon the death of her father. The war lasted for eight years. She expanded the army and introduced tax. At the end of the war Silesia was annexed to Prussia and Maria Theresa’s husband was now recognized as the Holy Roman Emperor. Maria Theresa began to plan to take revenge on Prussia. Changes were made to foreign policy as a result of which the accord between Austria and Great Britain were abandoned and Austria was now an ally of France and Russia. Surprise attack Prussia pounced on Saxony and under pressure Maria Theresa signed the Treaty of Hubertusberg which put an end to the age old dispute between the two nations. Her husband died two years later, Maria Theresa was dressed till the day of her death.

Maria Theresa of Austria:
Born: 13-May-1717
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: 28-Nov-1780
Location of death: Vienna, Austria
Cause of death: unspecified                                                                                                                                                                               Religion: Roman Catholic
Maria Theresa, Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and...

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