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Alexander the Great

  • Date Submitted: 11/19/2011 02:42 AM
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Alexander the Great
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the ancient king of Macedon. For other uses, see Alexander the Great (disambiguation).

Alexander the Great |
Basileus of Macedon |

Alexander fighting the Persian king Darius III. FromAlexander Mosaic, Naples National Archaeological Museum |
Reign | 336–323 BC |
Full name | Alexander III of Macedon |
Greek | Μέγας Ἀλέξανδροςiii[›] (Mégas Aléxandros, Great Alexander)
Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας (Aléxandros ho Mégas, Alexander the Great) |
Titles | King of Macedon
Hegemon of the Hellenic League
Shahanshah of Persia
Pharaoh of Egypt
Lord of Asia |
Born | 20 or 21 July 356 BC |
Birthplace | Pella, Macedon |
Died | 10 or 11 June 323 BC (aged 32) |
Place of death | Babylon |
Predecessor | Philip II of Macedon |
Successor | Alexander IV of Macedon
Philip III of Macedon |
Wives | Roxana of Bactria
Stateira II of Persia
Parysatis II of Persia |
Offspring | Alexander IV of Macedon |
Dynasty | Argead dynasty |
Father | Philip II of Macedon |
Mother | Olympias of Epirus |
Religious beliefs | Greek polytheism |
Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known asAlexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros o Mégas ), was a king ofMacedon, a state in northern ancient Greece. By the age of thirty, he had created one of the largest empires of the ancient world, stretching from the Ionian Sea to the Himalayas. He was undefeated in battle, and is considered one of the most successful commanders of all time.[1]Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. Alexander succeeded his father, Philip II of Macedon, to the throne in 336 BC after Philip was assassinated. Philip had brought together most of the city-states of mainland Greece under...

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