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Describe and Explain the Differences in Energy Production and Consumption in Sweden and India

  • Date Submitted: 03/12/2013 06:36 AM
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Describe and explain the differences in energy production and consumption in Sweden+ India

India has a much higher productivity rate in terms of producing energy than Sweden. Although Sweden has more money and technology to produce, India’s industrialising has led to a very high rate of productivity when producing coal. It is the world’s third biggest producer. Due to such large quantities of coal in India it is their abundant source for energy and probably will remain it until much further into the future. India also uses fuel wood but the demand has outstripped the regenerative capacity of their woodlands so production has lowered. Sweden relies on renewable energy and imported oil suggesting possible low rates of productivity. However they are the third biggest produce of nuclear energy, but compared to how much coal India produce, Sweden produces much less energy. India is also looking into the use of nuclear energy having built several nuclear power stations as they have the biggest source of Thorium, but this will depend on future technology as to whether it can be produced for energy.

Sweden’s government support and promote low carbon dioxide emissions having a keen interest in the environment, which could explain the low productivity of fossil fuels. The low productivity is also due to the lack of resources of these fuels in the area as metamorphic rocks dominate the geology in Sweden. As a result of this, there are no indigenous fossil fuels, which explain the decision in mid 1960’s to develop nuclear power. This decision was also under the influence of the considerations made of energy security and the need to avoid extreme reliance on imported fossil fuels. Being an MEDC, Sweden has the money and technology to develop into the production of nuclear energy unlike India (which, has led to Sweden being the third biggest producer in the EU for nuclear power). However, unlike Sweden, India has huge reserves of fossil fuels, in particular Coal, so India has...

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