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Discuss the Conceptualization of Poverty, Urban Poverty as Well as Human Development

  • Date Submitted: 03/28/2013 01:42 AM
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This essay will discuss the conceptualization of poverty, urban poverty as well as human development. It will focus on the factors that affected South Africa reflecting in the post-apartheid along with the current issues facing the country. Urban poverty will illustrate the difference between poverty as a general term, in order to underline the causes of poverty. In additional, South Africa will bring forth the element that will improve the conditions of poverty. The review is based on the principals, in which urban poverty has been understood in the South Africa. Meanwhile, seek for suitable ways that will reduce poverty through social human management. It concludes, by highlighting different aspects that will change poverty through the formation of policies of development.

According to Beall & Fox (2009:104) poverty is a state in which something is lacking to survive. It is determined by the quality of lifestyles in the society. The conditions of poverty is the issue that the basic needs like clothing, food, water and shelter of the people are not being met due to the corruption of the government through mismanagement of the finance (Beall & Fox 2009:105). There are three basic approaches that will show the estimation of poverty ranks. In addition, the category list is the absolute, relative and a subjective approach and each of them have a different view on poverty. The experience of poverty affects people in the rural areas differently to the urban settlements. Firstly, the absolute approach deals with measuring poverty through creating a line of monetary values by supplying goods and services that need to reach an overall of a least amount of the standards of living considering the basic needs of the people. In contrast, relative poverty is not attached to the basic needs but is regarded as the characteristics of the society along with attempts to recognize individuals whose living standards are inappropriate to the entire social welfare in the...


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