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Fundamental Rights

  • Date Submitted: 11/01/2014 08:03 AM
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The Fundamental Rights are defined as the basic human rights of all citizens. These rights, defined in Part III of the Constitution, apply irrespective of race, place of birth, religion, caste, creed or sex. They are enforceable by the courts, subject to specific restrictions.

The Fundamental Rights in Indian constitution acts as a guarantee that all Indian citizens can and will live their lifes in peace as long as they live in Indian democracy. They include individual rights common to most liberal democracies, such as equality before the law, freedom of speech and expression, freedom of association and peaceful assembly, freedom of religion, and the right to constitutional remedies for the protection of civil right.

Originally, the right to property was also included in the Fundamental Rights, however, the Forty-Fourth Amendment, passed in 1978, revised the status of property rights by stating that "No person shall be deprived of his property save by authority of law."

Following are the Fundamental Rights in India 

Right to Equality 

Article 14 :- Equality before law and equal protection of law 

Article 15 :- Prohibition of discrimination on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. 

Article 16 :- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment 

Article 17 :- End of untouchability 

Article 18 :- Abolition of titles, Military and academic distinctions are, however, exempted 

Right to Freedom 

Article 19 :- It guarantees the citizens of India the following six fundamentals freedoms:- 

Freedom of Speech and Expression 

Freedom of Assembly 

Freedom of form Associations 

Freedom of Movement 

Freedom of Residence and Settlement 

Freedom of Profession, Occupation, Trade and Bussiness 

Article 20 :- Protection in respect of conviction for offences 

Article 21 :- Protection of life and personal liberty 

Article 22 :- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases 



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