Words of Wisdom:

"If you want to know your past life, look into your present condition; if you want to know your future, look into your present action." - Kamakshi


  • Date Submitted: 01/28/2010 06:28 AM
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Cicero, was truly a man of the state. His writings also show us he was equally a man of

  philosophical temperament and affluence. Yet at times these two forces within Cicero clash

  and contradict with the early stoic teachings. Cicero gradually adopted the stoic

  lifestyle but not altogether entirely, and this is somewhat due to the fact of what it was

  like to be a roman of the time. The morals of everyday Rome conflicted with some of the

  stoic ideals that were set by early stoicism. Thus, Cicero changed the face of stoicism by

  romanizing it; redefining stoicism into the middle phase.

  Of Cicero it can be said he possessed a bias towards roman life and doctrine. For Cicero

  every answer lay within Rome itself, from the ideal governing body to the   place of

  divination. Cicero does not offer any alternate answers to roman society, which robs him

  of being truly a unique and bold political philosopher. This is not to say however some

  of his doctrines are untrue, just that he is somewhat blinded by his roman beliefs and


    The assumptions of Cicero can be noticed when one inspects his view of the ideal

    governing body, which he expresses through Scipio (in the commonwealth). Although Cicero

    presents very convincing arguments for a Composite government, clearly his view is

    possibly only due towards his belief in the roman structure of government.1

    Cicero was limited to roman borders of experience, and this point was best illustrated

    by   his disagreement with Aristotle's writings on the decay of states. Cicero was

    unable to think on the level of Aristotle's logic. He quite simply used roman history

    as a mapping of the paths of the decay of states.

In contrast, Aristotle understood the underlying forces and influences that transpired when

a state...


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