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Siddhartha Gautama

  • Date Submitted: 05/24/2010 07:57 AM
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Siddhartha Gautama
Siddhartha Gautama   was a spiritual teacher from ancient India and he is the founder of Buddhism. In   Buddhist traditions, he is regarded as the Supreme Buddha of our age, "Buddha" meaning "awakened one" or "the enlightened one." The time of his birth and death are uncertain: most early 20th-century historians dated his lifetime as around 563 BCE to 483 BCE.
Gautama, also known as sage of the Shakyas, is the key figure in Buddhism, and accounts of his life, conversations, and simple rules are believed by Buddhists to have been summarized after his death and memorized by his followers. Various collections of teachings were qualified to Gautama were passed down by oral tradition, and first committed to writing about 400 years later.
Siddhartha is also a minor figure in other religions: in some Hindu texts, he is described as an avatar of the god Vishnu who attempted to take in humans away from the Vedic religion, and he is regarded as a prophet in the Baha’i faith.
Siddhartha was a prince and had three palaces (for seasonal occupation) especially built for him. His father, King Śuddhodana, wishing for Siddhartha to be a great king, shielded his son from religious teachings or knowledge of human suffering. Siddhartha was brought up by his mother's younger sister, Maha Pajapati.
As Siddhartha reached the age of 16, his father arranged his marriage to Yaśodharā,   a cousin of the same age. According to the traditional account, in time, she gave birth to a son, Rahula. Siddhartha spent 29 years as a Prince in Kapilavastu. Although his father ensured that Siddhartha was provided with everything he could want or need, Siddhartha felt that material wealth was not the ultimate goal of life.
Accompanied by his followers, Buddha traveled all over India, teaching his doctrines, which were recorded by his contemporary followers. His teachings also spread northward into Tibet, China, Korea and Japan, southward to Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and...


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