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Cultural History of Britain

  • Date Submitted: 03/10/2011 07:24 AM
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Cultural History of Britain

Some definitions

“Culture (from the Latin cultura stemming from colere, meaning ‘to cultivate’) generally refers to patterns (mód) of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance (jelentőség). Different definitions of “culture” reflect different theoretical bases (elméleti alap) for understanding, or criteria for evaluating (értékel) human activity. In general, the term culture denotes (jelöl) the whole product of an individual, group or society of intelligent beings. It includes technology, art, science, as well as moral systems and the characteristic behaviors and habits of the selected intelligent entities.”

“Culture is the integrated pattern of human knowledge, belief, and behaviour that depends upon the capacity for learning and transmitting knowledge to succeeding generations.”
/Marriam Webster Dictionary/

“Culture is the shared knowledge and schemes created by a set of people for perceiving, interpreting, expressing, and responding to the social realities around them” (9).
/Lederach, J.P. (1995). Preparing for peace: Conflict transformation across cultures. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. /

“Culture: learned and shared human patterns or models for living; day- to-day living patterns. these patterns and models pervade (beleivódik) all aspects of human social interaction. Culture is mankind's primary adaptive mechanism” (367).
/Damen, L. (1987). Culture Learning: The Fifth Dimension on the Language Classroom. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley./

“A culture is a configuration (alakzat) of learned behaviors and results of behavior whose component elements (alkotóelem) are shared and transmitted by the members of a particular society” (32).
/Linton, R. (1945). The Cultural Background of Personality. New York./

“Culture is the totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought.”...


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