Words of Wisdom:

"Holla at ya boy Big Dane" - Nguyen

Foreign Policy Notes

  • Date Submitted: 04/23/2011 03:11 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: -141.8 
  • Words: 4808
  • Essay Grade: no grades
  • Report this Essay
3/23/2011

Comparative constraints

-Domestic-high constraints

-Mixed-moderate constraints

-Foreign-low constraints

Presidential life cycle

-come into office with mandate

-high popularity

Honeymoon period

-President given time to introduce policies and begin to govern

-Typically short

Most of the time in office

-congress asserts its agenda

-public gets disillusioned, esp if campaign promises are unmet

-increasing criticism as time passes

Approval rating tend to decline

-crisis can help

Lame duck

-between election and swearing in when sitting president gets little done

National Security Council

Most US foreign policy made and implemented by bureaucracy

President (chief admin) must be a good manager and good leader

Bureaucracy can be both a source of power and constraint

Factors hindering bureaucratic management

Size

-5 million people

-15 department plus hundred of other organizations and agencies

-$2 trillion budget

-thousand of programs throughout the world and also in the United States

-Foreign policy bureaucracy

-Defense: largest department in executive branch

3 million civilian and military (including reserves)

$400 billion/year budget

-State

-CIA

-Most departments have an international section, esp Treasury, Homeland Security, etc.

Bureaucratic Complexity

-each agency has its own bureaucratic culture and SOPs

-Functions overlap and coordination is required

-Agencies have different   level of autonomy

-cabinet agencies are under presidential control

-Federal Reserve is an independent agency

- National Endowment for Democracy is semi-autonomous

Historical development

-at the country’s founding bureaucracy and executive branch were small

-included the State, War, Treasury, and Justice Departments

-also the US didn’t have a standing military

-four waves of expansion

-New Deal...

Comments

Express your owns thoughts and ideas on this essay by writing a grade and/or critique.

  1. No comments