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Pakistan

  • Date Submitted: 10/18/2011 07:24 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 35.6 
  • Words: 283
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Pakistan ([pic]i/ˈpækɨstæn/ or [pic]i/pɑːkiˈstɑːn/; Urdu: پاکِستان) (Urdu pronunciation: [paːkɪˈst̪aːn] ([pic] listen)), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اسلامی جمہوریۂ پاکِستان) is a sovereign state in South Asia. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.[7] In the north, Tajikistan lies adjacent to Pakistan but is separated by the narrow Wakhan Corridor. In addition, Oman is also located in maritime vicinity and shares a marine border with Pakistan.[8] Strategically, Pakistan is located in a position between the important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and the greater Middle East.[9]
The region forming modern Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures including the neolithic Mehrgarh and the bronze era Indus Valley Civilisation. Subsequently it was the recipient of Hindu, Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, Afghan and Sikh cultures through several invasions and/or settlements. As a result the area has remained a part of numerous empires and dynasties including the Indian empires, Persian empires, Arab caliphates, Mongol, Mughal, Durrani Empire (Afghan Empire), Sikh and British Empire. Pakistan gained independence from the British Empire in 1947 after a struggle for independence, led by Mohammad Ali Jinnah, that sought the partition of British colony of India and independence for the Muslim majority populations of the eastern and western regions of British India.[10] With the adoption of its constitution in 1956, Pakistan became an Islamic republic.[11] In 1971, an armed conflict in East Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh.[12]

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