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Art and Its History

  • Date Submitted: 04/15/2012 01:58 AM
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This article is about the general concept of art. For the categories of different artistic disciplines, see The arts. For the arts that are visual in nature, see Visual arts. For people named Art, see Arthur. For other uses, see Art (disambiguation).
Clockwise from upper left: A self-portrait from Vincent van Gogh, an African Chokwe-statue, detail from the Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli and a Japanese Shisa lion

Art is a term that describes a diverse range of human activities and the products of those activities, but is most often understood to refer to painting, film, photography, sculpture, and other visual media. Music, theatre, dance, literature, and interactive media are included in a broader definition of art or the arts.[1] Until the 17th century, art referred to any skill or mastery and was not differentiated from crafts or sciences, but in modern usage the fine arts are distinguished from acquired skills in general.

Many definitions of art have been proposed by philosophers and others who have characterized art in terms of mimesis, expression, communication of emotion, or other values. During the Romantic period, art came to be seen as "a special faculty of the human mind to be classified with religion and science".[2]

The nature of art, and related concepts such as creativity and interpretation, are explored in a branch of philosophy known as aesthetics.[3]
Contents
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    1 Definition
    2 History
    3 Forms, genres, media, and styles
        3.1 Skill and craft
        3.2 Value judgment
    4 Purpose of art
        4.1 Non-motivated functions of art
        4.2 Motivated functions of art
    5 Controversial art
    6 Art theories
    7 Classification disputes
    8 Art, class, and value
    9 See also
    10 Notes
    11 Bibliography
    12 Further reading
    13 External links

Definition
Works of art can tell stories or simply express an aesthetic truth or...

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