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  • Date Submitted: 05/12/2013 07:54 PM
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Muscular Dystophy
Allison Holz
MA 2.0
Mrs. Schaffold

Understanding Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular Dystrophy is a group of inherited diseases in which the muscles that control movement progressively weaken, in some forms of this disease, the heart and other organs are also affected.
There are nine major forms of Muscular Dystrophy:
• Myotonic
• Duchenne
• Becker
• Limb-girdle
• Facioscapulohumeral
• Congenital
• Oculopharygeal
• Distal
• Emery-Dreifuss
Muscular Dystrophy can appear in infancy up to middle age or later, and it’s form and severity are determined in part by the age at which it occurs.   Some types of muscular dystrophy can affect only males; some people with muscular dystrophy enjoy a normal life span with mild symptoms that progress very slowly;   others experience swift and severe muscle weakness and wasting, dying in their late teens to early 20’s.   The various types of muscular dystrophy affect more than 50,000 Americans.   Through advances in medical care, children with muscular dystrophy are living longer than ever before.
Major Form of Muscular Dystrophy
• Myotonic-   The most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults, myotonic md affects both men and women, and it usually appears anytime from early childhood to adulthood.   In rare cases, it appears in newborns.   The name refers to a symptoms, myotonia – prolonged spasm or stiffening of muscles after use.   This symptom is usually worse in cold temperatures.   The disease causes muscle weakness and also affects the central nervous system, heart, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, and hormone-producing glands.   In most cases, daily living is not restricted for many years.   Those with myotonic md have decreased life expectancy.
• Duchenne-   The most common form of md in children, Duchenne muscular dystrophy affects only males.   It appears between the ages of 2 and 6.   The muscles decrease in size and grow weaker over time yet may appear larger.   Disease progression varies,...


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