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Sentences and Types

  • Date Submitted: 10/19/2013 12:40 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 59.3 
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NAME: AINA IBUKUN
CLASS: SS2A
SUBJECT: ENGLISH
    A sentence is a grammatical unit consisting of one or more words that are grammatically linked. A sentence can include words grouped meaningfully to express a statement, question, exclamation, request, command or suggestion.[1]
    A sentence can also be defined in orthographic terms alone, i.e., as anything which is contained between a capital letter and a full stop.[2] For instance, the opening of Charles Dickens' novelBleak House begins with the following three sentences:
London. Michaelmas term lately over, and the Lord Chancellor sitting in Lincoln's Inn Hall. Implacable November weather.
The first sentence involves one word, a proper noun. The second sentence has only a non-finite verb. The third is a single nominal group. Only an orthographic definition encompasses this variation.
As with all language expressions, sentences might contain function and content words and contain properties distinct to natural language, such as characteristic intonation and timing patterns.
Sentences are generally characterized in most languages by the presence of a finite verb, e.g. "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog".
                                  Simple sentence
      A simple sentence consists of an independent clause, so it contains a subject and a verb. It does NOT contain either a dependent clause or another simple sentence. Examples of simple sentences –
short simple sentence: The dog barked.
long simple sentence: Leaning first this way and then that, the large tan dog with a wide black collar barked loudly at the full moon last night from under the lilac bush in the shadow of the north side of the house.
The simple sentence may have a compound subject: The dog and the cat howled.
It may have a compound verb: The dog howled and barked.
It may have a compound subject and a compound verb: The dog and the cat howled and yowled, respect.
    COMPOUND SENTENCE
        A compound sentence...

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