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Genetic Engineering 3

  • Date Submitted: 01/28/2010 04:17 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 51.3 
  • Words: 2335
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Genetic Engineering is a major issue in today’s society. Because of it, things like the Human Genome Project have become a reality. Genetic Engineering is can be defined as the manipulation or alteration of the genetic structure of a single cell or organism. This means that scientists can target a particular gene and make it whatever they want. This technique is becoming so advance that soon people will be able to make their children exactly how they would like them to be. The science behind genetic engineering is simple to explain yet complicated to perform. Simply state, scientists may alter any gene they would like to make it better then it was before. Genetic Engineering holds many promises for the future. It brings with it possibilities of longer, healthier lives, and possibly near-immortality. It has the possibilities of ending world hunger by making cheaper, more nutritious, and faster growing foods. It could also have the ability to bring back species from near extinction and even reintroduce recently extinct species back to our world by using old DNA. With genetic engineering, we would have the ability to clone a loved one or a favorite pet. It would also give us the ability to grow replacement organs, limbs.

Genetic engineering is the artificial alteration of the genetic code.   It is often described as a very precise method of changing the genetic makeup of an organism.   Genes are a definite sequence of bases in the DNA chain which together code for the production of a particular protein. They are sections of the DNA which control traits of an individual, such as eye colour, which are different for each person. By natural breeding genes are passed down to offspring by the parents however, with new technology scientists are able to identify an individual gene and insert it into another organism which will then carry the trait of that gene. This alters the DNA. The extraction of the gene is done by physical and chemical methods. The process of...

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