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Diabetes Type 2

  • Date Submitted: 09/17/2010 05:01 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 46.3 
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Diabetes is a chronic disease, which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. This leads to an increased concentration of glucose in the blood (hyperglycaemia).
Type 2 diabetes (formerly called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset diabetes) is caused by the body’s ineffective use of insulin. It often results from excess body weight and physical inactivity.
(World Health Organisation 2010) http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/index.htmlApril 4th 2010
What are common consequences of diabetes?
Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.
  * Diabetes increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. 50% of people with diabetes die of cardiovascular disease (primarily heart disease and stroke).
  * Combined with reduced blood flow, neuropathy in the feet increases the chance of foot ulcers and eventual limb amputation.
  * Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness, and occurs as a result of long-term accumulated damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. After 15 years of diabetes, approximately 2% of people become blind, and about 10% develop severe visual impairment.
  * Diabetes is among the leading causes of kidney failure. 10-20% of people with diabetes die of kidney failure.
  * Diabetic neuropathy is damage to the nerves as a result of diabetes, and affects up to 50% of people with diabetes. Although many different problems can occur as a result of diabetic neuropathy, common symptoms are tingling, pain, numbness, or weakness in the feet and hands.
  * The overall risk of dying among people with diabetes is at least double the risk of their peers without diabetes.
  * (World Health Organisation 2010)
  * http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs312/en/index.html April 4th 2010

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