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No Single Factor Can Explain the Success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917

  • Date Submitted: 11/22/2011 05:50 AM
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No single factor can explain the success of the Bolsheviks in October 1917. How far do you agree?
In the February Revolution in 1917 the Bolsheviks were no more than a minor concern, but however by 1922 the Bolsheviks had gained resolute power. The Bolsheviks had many skills and talents as a party such as discipline and good organisation, but there were a number of other reasons that allowed the Bolsheviks to rise to power so quickly.
After the February Revolution, which saw the downfall of Tsarism a PG was set up. The new government essentially inherited all of the Tsar’s problems. It was a weak and unstable grouping of politicians trying desperately to gain some control over events. To begin with the first leader of the government was Prince Lvov, he had little experience of government, he hadn’t been elected by the people and therefore failed to command any authority from them. Instead a new leader was brought in, Kerensky who was a modern socialist and superb speaker, it was hoped that he would be able to bring about the change needed for this new government to establish itself. Another problem that the PG faced was the fact that it was stuck in a ‘dual-power’ system with the Petrograd Soviet so they were never truly fully in complete power. The PG had taken the unpopular decision to continue the war, they were afraid that if the war was brought to an end the precarious status quo on the home front might collapse under a wave of soldiers rushing to claim land for themselves. In the summer of 1917, Kerensky launched a major offensive against Germany, but the Russians made no headway and morale began to collapse. Russia took one more step towards chaos.
One aspect that the PG failed on was the constituent assembly, an assembly which was to be elected by the people. Many peasants wanted the assembly to be set up as soon as possible as they wanted the right own their own land. Although rights were recognised in principal, the PG was in no position to implement...


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