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History Essay E.G.

  • Date Submitted: 03/06/2013 01:35 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 47.1 
  • Words: 385
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In 1787, the Constitution Assembly was held in
Philadelphia. Robert Sherman, Oliver Ellsworth and
William Samuel Johnson were delegates from Connecticut.
The meeting was stalled when discussion of the
representation of the US Congress in each state was
taking place. Special committee was formed to develop a
compromise solution. Then, the Connecticut delegation
proposed their plan, which became known in history as the
Connecticut or Great Compromise. According to this plan,
the structure of the U.S. Congress was established, which
remains unchanged up to present time (Article 1, Section
3). A compromise was reached, because all the delegates
recognized the need for a strong government.

In 1787, during the Constitutional Convention in
Philadelphia, New Jersey has played a significant role in
the structure of the future government of the United States.
It ratified the Constitution of the United States of America,
thus becoming the third of the states of the new country.
On November 20th, 1789, New Jersey became the first
U.S. state that ratified the “Bill of Rights”.

The so-called “Plan of Virginia”, proposed by future fourth
U.S. President James Madison, provided a bicameral
parliament, members of which were to be selected in
proportion to the population of the state. States with small
populations were concerned that such a system of
representation of their interests may be infringed. Then the
deputy from New Jersey William Paterson took the
initiative, known as the “New Jersey Plan” under which all
states should have an equal representation in the highest
legislative body of the country. The result of the discussion
was “The Great Compromise” (or the “Connecticut
Compromise”), according to which the composition of the
lower house of the U.S. Congress (House of
Representatives) must be proportional to the population of
a state, and in the upper house (Senate), all states should
be represented equally.

During the discussion of...


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