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Physical Fitness

  • Date Submitted: 03/21/2010 01:11 PM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 44.4 
  • Words: 473
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There are 5 health related components of physical fitness, Body composition, Cardiovascular Fitness, Flexibility, Muscular Endurance, and Strength. In physical fitness, body composition is used to describe the percentages of fat, bone and muscle in human bodies. Because muscular tissue takes up less space in our body than fat tissue, our body composition, as well as our weight, determines leanness. Two people at the same height and same body weight may look completely different from each other because they have a different body composition.
        Cardiovascular fitness is a special form of muscular endurance. It is the efficiency of the heart, lungs, and vascular system in delivering oxygen to the working muscle tissues so that prolonged physical work can be maintained. A person’s ability to deliver oxygen to the working muscles is affected by many physiological parameters, including heart rate, stroke volume, cardiac output, and maximal oxygen consumption.
  Flexibility refers to the absolute range of movement in a joint or series of joints that is attainable. Flexibility in some joints can be increased to a certain degree by stretching.
Flexibility has long been underestimated and perhaps overlooked by health-care professionals. Quality of life is enhanced by improving and maintaining a good range of motion in the joints. Overall flexibility should be developed with specific joint range of motion needs in mind as the individual joints vary from one to another. Gender, age, and genetics are important for your range of motion. Many factors are taken into account when establishing personal flexibility: joint structure, ligaments, tendons, muscles, skin, tissue injury, fat, tissue, body temperature, age and gender all influence an individual's range of motion about a joint.
      Muscular endurance is very important for people playing sports and who have to sustain an activity for long periods of time. Muscular endurance is determined by how...


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