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Mary, Queen of Scots

  • Date Submitted: 01/28/2010 06:29 AM
  • Flesch-Kincaid Score: 67.1 
  • Words: 861
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Mary Stewart was born December 7, 1542.   Her father was James V, King of Scotland and her mother was Mary of Guise of France.   Mary was the third child and only daughter of James V and Mary of Guise, since both of her twin brothers had died before she was born at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland.   Seven days after Mary was born, James V, died and his infant daughter succeeded to the Scottish throne.   Mary Stewart became Mary, Queen of Scots.


In 1547 an English invasion led to the military occupation of the country.   By 1548, the Scottish were actively seeking French aid and betrothed their young queen to the French dauphin Francis, the son of Henry II, on the condition that Henry send an army to Scotland to drive the English out.   French troops arrived in Scotland and the 5year old queen left to spend the next 13 years in France.   Mary soon learned to speak in French, which became the language of her choice for the rest of her life.   Her education taught her to sing, play the flute and dance gracefully.   She spoke and read in six different languages.   Mary also had to change the spelling of her last name to Stuart because at the time the French did not have a w in their alphabet.   In April 1558 Mary married Francis at Notre Dame Cathedral.


Within months, international events changed Mary Stuart’s life dramatically.   On November 17, 1558, the queen of England, Mary I (Tudor), died and was succeeded by her Protestant half-sister Elizabeth I.   As granddaughter of Margaret Tudor, Mary Stuart was next heir according to the English throne and the eyes of Catholic Europe on the grounds that Elizabeth was illegitimate.   In July 1559, Mary and Francis assumed the royal titles of King and Queen of France since Henry II had died.   Her happiness was short, after she learned the death of her mother in June 1560.   Six months later, her husband King Francis II was also dead.   Mary was devastated and extremely depressed.   In spite of these personal tragedies, Mary...

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