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How Far Do You Agree That the Economy of Tsarist Russia Was Transformed in the Years Up to 1914?

  • Date Submitted: 04/21/2014 06:43 AM
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How far do you agree that the economy of Tsarist Russia was transformed in the years up to 1914?
During Alexander III reign, the Country of Russia and its economy was in a very backward state. We saw the Country suffer with extremely low industrialisation, as many of their workforce focused on agriculture. They struggled to sell enough grain at export, in order to fund large scale industrialisation as the serfs were forced by lack of freedom to grow enough food simply to keep their families going. This way of farming meant there were few areas of industry, mainly Ukraine, Moscow and St Petersburg! As a result, they remained as the most economically undeveloped country in Europe.
However, between 1892, and 1914 during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II Russia experienced a “great spurt” under the influence of Sergei Witte. Under Witte’s control, things in Russia began to change. We saw an introduction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, which enabled more workers to move further away in order to gain income, and allowed them to flood into the cities each morning! It also meant that raw materials could be transported across the Country to be exported. All though, this was a breakthrough in terms communication, the other forms of transportation were disappointing which limited the industrialisation to a few areas round Russia. Only a few of the Road networks built in the city were sufficient enough to provide easy access into the Cities. Which meant this development was also limited. A small merchant marine also meant that once the produce arrived at the harbour, it was in too large a quantity to be hauled across the seas so we were forced to invest money into loading our goods onto foreign ships. This further decreased our progression. Witte’s policies, it appears showed the way for Russia’s industrialisation, but failed to finish what he started.
The lack of progression is further shown surrounding foreign trading. There were in fact steady increases in both exports and...

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